A 4-Step Guide To Effective Lesson Planning

Building lesson plans is an integral part of every teacher’s day. Integrating technology into lessons (that may have previously existed in a totally non-technology infused version) can sometimes be difficult, especially if the task at hand can be easily completed without technology – many of us wonder why bother if we don’t have to. While there are tons of lesson planning sites online that offer either templates or ready made lesson plans for a fee, tailoring the lesson plans to your particular material and students is usually the best option.

The handy infographic below takes a look at the lesson planning process broken down into a simple, four step process. Think of it as having four different buckets of building blocks, and you can choose one item from each bucket to piece together your final product. You could potentially use this to make a rubric style lesson planner for yourself – if you were feeling ambitious!

Lesson Plans: A Four Part Process

What level of learning?

  • Knowledge
  • Comprehension
  • Application
  • Analysis
  • Synthesis
  • Evaluation

What Level of Technology Will I Use?

  • Substitution
  • Augmentation
  • Modification
  • Redefinition

How Should My Classroom Look?

  • Engaging
  • Collaborative
  • Authentic
  • Constructive

How Will I Evaluate My Students?

  • Hand Signals
  • Concept Map
  • Observation
  • Portfolio
  • Quiz
  • Journal
  • Debriefing
  • Think-Pair-Share
  • Talk a mile a minute
  • Writing Frames

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  1. nancywimbush

    May 29, 2014 at 8:43 am

    Love it! Thanks for the user friendly content rich guide:)

  2. K

    May 29, 2014 at 12:09 pm

    I’m sorry, but it loses credibility with the misspelling in the graphic. Teachers need to know how to use spell check, especially when coaching others on how to be better teachers!

  3. norbert boruett

    May 31, 2014 at 7:24 am


    This is a a great piece of work. I was wondering why you didn’t use the revised Blooms digital taxonomy -

    • Katie Lepi

      June 1, 2014 at 3:39 pm

      Hi Norbert,

      As I’m sure you can tell since I linked to the original graphic, I did not make this. You’d have to ask the creator why they did not use the revised taxonomy. I found it interesting anyway, which is why I thought it was worth sharing.

      • Stuart Price

        June 3, 2014 at 4:24 am

        I’m enjoying using this as a project to learn about Piktochart – I am happy to write in the ‘revised’ taxonomy and correct spellings etc. If people have any other comments or suggestions, I can work to include those too.

  4. Michael Alderman

    June 2, 2014 at 3:55 pm

    Hi Katie,

    This is an interesting approach to help teachers figure out what level of tech integration they want to use. I think it is also really important that teachers set a clear objective and assessment before deciding on specific methods. Else, teachers may choose technology components and a level of Bloom’s that don’t push students to the proper level of rigor to reach the intended outcome.

    What are your thoughts?


    • Katie Lepi

      June 3, 2014 at 2:04 pm

      Hi Michael,

      Thanks for your thoughtful comment. My gut response is to say that I do agree with you about setting clear objectives and assessments prior to deciding on specific methods as a general rule.

      That said, I think that when you’re throwing new technology in the mix (whether it is new period or new to the particular user) and a main goal is tech integration, there is definitely some wiggle room on the order in which you’re doing things, so long as you’re not making each selection in a vacuum (ie, picking the tech components/Bloom’s level and then seeing what happens and figuring out how to assess later).

      If you view the 4 steps as the author outlined them in the graphic less as ‘steps that must be followed in this order’ and more as categories from which you pick one item each to put together your lesson, it might allow for a wider application of the idea presented.

  5. Anna Jones

    June 3, 2014 at 7:25 am

    Most sound pedagogical design begins with the end in mind…what do I want them to know/do, then how will I assess…

  6. Bethany

    June 20, 2014 at 11:44 am

    I like this post. I think reflecting on words like “authentic” and “collaborative” can lead me to some great ideas. Thanks!